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Digital Resources in Original Language
- ForEast is a meta-site of free Korean, Japanese, and Chinese digital resources. (See Library Resources for an extensive list of Korean resources)
- Hebrew Books offers over 15,000 .pdf books in Hebrew.
- Pitt Latin American Series offers full-text of many books in the series that is available free on the web.
Greek New Testament
- Novum Testamentum Graece (NA 28) Nestle Aland text at bibelwissenschaf Nestle Aland Greek, built on the 4th Century Vaticanus. Not parsed.
- Greek New Testament (UBS5) text at bibelwissenschaf Text same as Nestle Aland.
- Greek New Testament: Byzantine Textform (Robinson-Pierpoint 2005) at katabiblon Byzantine text with Nestle-Aland variants. Modified-beta code ASCII text of The New Testament in the Original Greek includes accents, breathing marks, punctuation, and capitalization.
- Greek New Testament: Westcott-Hort on Perseus The text is linked to the parsing dictionary and a click on a word brings up the full parsing as well as access to the Liddell Scott lexicons.
Greek New Testament with Apparatus
- Greek New Testament with Apparatus at greeknewtestament.net Greek New Testament: Ancient Manuscripts, Early Versions, Patristic Citations, Lectionaries, & Online Textual Commentary of the Greek NT. Manuscripts with apparatus
- SBL Greek Variation Abbreviations SBL Bible abbreviations: This page is useful to understand abbreviations of Greek editions mentioned in other websites
- Codex Sinaiticus: The Scanned 4th Century manuscript housed in the British Museum. It is impossible to exaggerate on the importance and beauty of this site.
- Codex Vaticanus: The scanned version of the 4th century CE text in the Vatican library. The site is not as elegant as Sinaiticus and the water mark is a little disconcerting, but it is a major access to a great manuscript.
- Greek Septuagint at katabiblon. Words display parsing when clicked. Note: this is an editable Wiki.
- Sepguaginta – Bible Wissenschaft at bibelwissenschaf. Ralf, not parsed, cut and paste into document
Apostolic Bible Polyglot (Septuagint and NT)
- Interlinear Polyglot Bible at Biblehub The polyglot contains both the Septuagint and the NT in Greek. English translation with a Greek interlinear gloss originally published in 2003 by Charles VanderPool. Contains Strong’s Numbers Concordance, Thayer’s Greek Lexicon, Parsed
Parallel Greek Versions and Multi-Language Translations
- Unbound Bible Translation Comparisons https://unbound.biola.edu/ Select up to 4 translations to view simultaneously. Several languages and translations including NRSV, Greek WH UBS4 with variants, and the LXX. The great strength of this site is the inclusion of the LXX as well as most Greek Variants.
- Parallel Translations at https://www.biblegateway.com/ Although the website tends to be confusing, the ability to line up parallel texts is excellent and easy. In addition, translations, like the NRSV have links to the texts notes that can be easily used. The weakness is that it does not include the LXX.
- Greek New Testament Parallel Texts at greeknewtestament.com/Compares line over line the Greek text of Stephens Textus Receptus, Scrivener Textus Receptus, Byzantine Majority, Alexandrian, and Hort and Westcott. Weakness does not include the NRSV.
- Liddell and Scott. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon at Perseus. The major classical Greek lexicon is part of the extensive Greek resources and manuscripts in the Perseus Project.
- Liddel Scott at Thesaurus Linguae Grecae. This is the identical dictionary as the one above, but the layout is much easier to read. Creation of free account provides access to a broader range of document.
- Lexicon of the Greek New Testament at katabiblon.com/ This site is an editable Wiki, so it is not a high level authority. Built on Robinson-Pierpont 2005 (RP) Greek, as well as NA/UBS variants, which makes the Wiki much more than a lexicon including parsing and conjugations. Word searches include searches through the Septuagint.
- Limited BDAG online (BAG) This is the second edition of the BDAG (BAG), the most important lexicon in Koine Greek study. Unfortunately the site is in an old font that will not display easily, as it is in the GraaceII font, which must be purchased. With some work understanding the characters, however, it can be easily read.
Greek Synonyms and Semantic Domains
- Louw-Nida Lexicon at Laparola.net Unlike other lexicons that search for meanings of words, Louw-Nida is more like a thesaurus and looks at words based on semantic domains. This resource is an excellent way not to become “stuck” in a specific word, but to examine how the word is used in context.
- Richard Chenevix Trench, Synonyms of the New Testament at Blueletterbible.org. Although almost a century old, it continues to provide in-depth analysis of words in the New Testament and is often quoted in BDAG. Although there are several versions of this text on the Internet, the version on Blue Letter Bible is the easiest to use.Greek Grammar
- Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges (English) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0007
Synoptic Comparison Tools
- Four Color Synopsis – Stephen Carlson at textexcavation.com A truly extraordinary work of scholarship in which differences and likenesses in the synoptic gospels are shown in color. Text built on NA4
- Greek New Testament: Byzantine Text from (Robinson-Pierpoint 2005) at katabiblon.com. Compares only Matthew, Mark and Luke; Byzantine variant readings and Nestle-Aland variants. A beautifully laid out site and very useful
Ancient Authors and Abbreviations
- Abbreviations to the Liddell Scott-Jones (LSJ) at Perseus. List of classical references cited in Liddell Scott; essential for diachronic word study. Although there are differences with the Thayer abbreviations, the ease of using those on Perseus far outweighs the negative.
- http://www.attalus.org/info/ancient_authors.html Ancient Authors by Date
- Abbreviations for the Books of the Bible and for Ancient Jewish and Christian Literature. List of biblical and early Christian Literature. These will be used in citations.